Dental caries is a process that causes damage to the structure of the teeth. Cavities occur when bacteria in the mouth combine with sugar from food and drink to produce acidic products. These acidic products weaken tooth enamel and eventually decay.
Tooth Decay Symptoms:
Tooth decay can occur with various symptoms:
- Regular tooth brushing: Brush your teeth at least twice a day, preferably after meals.
- Use fluoride toothpaste: Fluoride strengthens tooth enamel and protects against caries.
- Floss: Remove food residue from between teeth by flossing at least once a day.
- Pay attention to your diet: You can help prevent tooth decay by reducing the consumption of sugary and acidic foods.
- Regular dental visits: Visit the dentist at least twice a year for early detection of cavities.
Treatment of Tooth Decay:
Treatment of dental caries depends on the stage and severity of the caries:
- Fluoride treatment: For initial dental caries, fluoride application can strengthen the enamel and stop the progression of the caries.
- Filling: If the tooth decay is at a more advanced stage, the dentist may use a filling material to clean the decayed part and restore the shape and function of the tooth.
- Root canal treatment: When the decay reaches the nerve and vascular system (pulp) of the tooth, root canal treatment may be required. In this process, the dentist cleans the decayed pulp and fills the inside of the tooth to protect the tooth from infection.
- Dental crown: If a large part of the tooth has been damaged or the tooth has become weak after root canal treatment, the dentist can place a dental crown to ensure the protection and functionality of the tooth.
- Tooth extraction: If the tooth decay is very advanced and it has become impossible to save the tooth, tooth extraction may be necessary. After tooth extraction, a bridge, implant, or denture option may be considered to fill the gap.
Dental caries can be controlled and prevented with early diagnosis and appropriate treatment. You can make a big difference in preventing cavities by maintaining good oral hygiene, making regular dentist visits, and maintaining a healthy diet. Remember, dental health is an important part of your overall health, and having healthy teeth significantly improves your quality of life.
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