What Causes Bleeding Gums and How to Prevent It?

Bleeding gums is a common problem that most people experience. Bleeding gums can be noticed when brushing or flossing. This is usually caused by infection or gum disease in the gums. Bleeding gums can be a symptom of a serious problem and can lead to tooth loss if left untreated. In this article, we will explain the causes of bleeding gums and how it can be prevented.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

Bleeding gums can have several different causes. Here are some common factors that cause bleeding gums:

Gum Infections

Gum infections are a bacterial condition that causes inflammation and infection of the gums. These infections can lead to gum sensitivity, redness and bleeding. Gum infections can be prevented by regular brushing, flossing and regular dental check-ups.

Tooth Brushing Mistakes

Incorrect toothbrushing technique or brushing too hard can damage the gums and cause bleeding. Brushing your teeth is important, but it is important to do it with the right technique. When brushing your teeth, you should brush with gentle movements to avoid damaging the gums. If you experience bleeding gums, it is important to contact your dentist.

Tooth Stones

Dental calculus is a hard mineral deposit, also known as tartar. They build up on the teeth, putting pressure on the gums and can cause inflammation of the gums. It is important to remove tartar regularly. For this reason, it is important to go to the dentist regularly and have tartar removed.

Gum Diseases

Gum diseases refer to serious conditions in which the gums become inflamed and infected. Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis can cause bleeding gums. It is important to treat these diseases, otherwise the risk of tooth loss may increase.

Hormonal Changes

Conditions such as pregnancy or hormonal changes can cause tenderness and bleeding in the gums. Hormonal changes increase the risk of bleeding gums. It is important for people who face these situations to pay special attention to dental health.

Ways to Prevent Bleeding Gums

You can apply the following methods to prevent bleeding gums:

Regular Brushing and Flossing

Regular brushing and flossing is one of the most important steps to maintain gum health. Brushing removes plaque and bacteria from the teeth and prevents gum infections. Flossing also removes food debris and plaque from between teeth.

Applying the Correct Tooth Brushing Technique

Applying the correct tooth brushing technique is also an important way to prevent bleeding gums. When brushing your teeth, you should brush as if you are massaging your gums with gentle movements. Brushing too hard or using a hard-bristled toothbrush can damage your gums.

Balanced and Healthy Nutrition

A healthy diet is important for maintaining the health of your gums. Eating a balanced diet of vegetables, fruits, whole grains and proteins will help keep your gums healthy. Avoiding sugary and acidic foods is also important to prevent gum problems.

Regular Dental Checkups

Regular dental check-ups are important to maintain your gum health. Your dentist can assess your gums, remove tartar and diagnose gum disease at an early stage. This way, problems can be treated at an earlier stage.

Managing Stress

Stress is a factor that can affect gum health. Chronic stress can increase the risk of gum disease and other oral problems. You can use relaxation techniques, exercise and hobbies to manage stress.

Frequently Asked Questions About Bleeding Gums

Is bleeding gums normal?

Bleeding gums can be a symptom of a problem with the gums and is usually not normal. If you experience bleeding gums, it is important to consult a dentist.

How is bleeding gums treated?

Treatment of bleeding gums mainly involves treating the underlying cause. If there are gum infections or gum diseases, the dentist will recommend appropriate treatment methods.

What can I do to prevent bleeding gums?

You can take measures such as brushing your teeth regularly, flossing, eating a healthy diet, going for regular dental check-ups and managing stress.

When should I go to the doctor with bleeding gums?

It is important to consult a dentist if bleeding gums are recurring or if you have severe pain, swelling or redness of the gums.

Is bleeding gums normal during pregnancy?

Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause bleeding gums. However, it is still important to discuss this with your dentist.

How can I prevent bleeding gums?

To prevent bleeding gums, it is important to brush and floss regularly, eat a healthy diet and follow regular dental check-ups.

Bleeding gums is a problem usually associated with gum disease or gum infection. Regular brushing, flossing, a healthy diet and dental check-ups are important to prevent this problem. If you experience bleeding gums, it is recommended that you consult a dentist. Remember, a healthy mouth is an indicator of your overall health.

Uzm. Dt. Dilay Ünal
Uzm. Dt. Dilay Ünal