What Causes Toothache and How Does It Go Away?

Toothache is a common problem that people experience. Many people experience toothache from time to time and it can be very uncomfortable. Toothache can be caused by a variety of factors and is something that needs to be treated.

What Causes Toothache?

Toothache can occur due to different reasons. Here are the common causes of toothache:

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay occurs when tooth enamel is weakened by acid attack. Bacteria create acid in the teeth through the accumulation of food debris, which erodes the enamel. Tooth decay can cause pain and sensitivity.

Gum Problems

Gum problems are caused by infection or inflammation in the gums. Plaque build-up and irregular brushing habits can lead to problems with the gums. Gingivitis or the more serious condition periodontitis can cause toothache.

Teeth Clenching and Grinding

Stress, tension or having a habit of clenching and grinding your teeth during sleep can lead to toothache. This can cause pain in the jaw muscles and teeth. Using a nighttime tray can alleviate this problem.

Tooth Trauma

Dental trauma can occur as a result of being hit in an accident or during sports activities. Cracked teeth or damaged roots can lead to severe toothache. In such cases, it is important to consult a dentist immediately.

Dental Implant Complications

A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that replaces a lost tooth. However, in some cases, dental implants can become infected or fail. This can lead to toothache and discomfort.

Other Causes

Other causes of toothache include sinusitis, temporomandibular joint (jaw joint) disorders, mouth sores and gingival abscesses.

How to relieve toothache?

You can try some methods to relieve toothache. However, these methods provide temporary relief and you may need to consult a dentist. Here are some methods you can try to relieve toothache:

Cold Pack Application

Applying a cold pack to the toothache area can relieve the pain. Cold can reduce the inflammation causing the pain and provide relief by creating a numb feeling. For this, you can wrap an ice pack with a clean cloth and apply it to the toothache area.

Mouthwashes with salt water

Gargling with salt water can relieve pain caused by gum problems. Add half a teaspoon of salt to a glass of warm water and stir. Rinse your mouth with this mixture and gargle. Salt water can reduce infection and promote healing of the gums.

Peppermint Oil

Peppermint oil is known as a natural painkiller. Put a few drops of peppermint oil on a cotton swab and apply it to the toothache area. Peppermint oil can relieve pain and provide a feeling of freshness. However, be careful not to apply peppermint oil directly to the gums or skin.

Tooth Flossing

The underlying cause of a toothache may be food debris trapped between the teeth. In this case, you can use dental floss to clean between your teeth. Flossing is an important tool to prevent tooth decay and gum problems.

Frequently Asked Questions

When should a toothache be considered a serious problem?

Toothache usually occurs when there is a serious problem. If your toothache is severe and persists for a long time, it is important to consult a dentist. You may also need to seek emergency medical help if the toothache is accompanied by symptoms such as fever, facial swelling or difficulty swallowing.

What can I do at home to relieve a toothache?

You can try several methods to relieve toothache at home. Methods such as using painkillers, applying a cold pack, gargling with salt water or using peppermint oil can temporarily relieve the pain. However, these methods will only temporarily relieve the symptoms. If the toothache persists, it is important to consult a dentist.

What can I do to prevent toothache?

You can follow the steps below to prevent toothache:

  • Get into the habit of brushing and flossing regularly and correctly.
  • Limit sugary and acidic foods and drinks.
  • Go for regular dental check-ups and have your teeth cleaned.
  • If you have problems with clenching or grinding at night, consult a dentist and consider using a night guard.
  • Wear a mouthguard for sports activities to protect your teeth from accidental impacts.

Can toothache also occur in children?

Yes, toothache can also occur in children. Toothache can also occur in children due to tooth decay, gum problems and clenching. If your child is experiencing toothache, it is important to consult a pedodontist (pediatric dentist).

Is toothache common during pregnancy?

Hormonal changes and increased blood circulation during pregnancy can cause gum sensitivity and toothache. In addition, tooth decay can increase during pregnancy. If you experience toothache during pregnancy, it is important to consult a dentist. However, X-rays and some treatments may be limited during pregnancy, so it is important to inform your doctor of your pregnancy status.

Uzm. Dt. Dilay Ünal
Uzm. Dt. Dilay Ünal