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Gum Recession: Causes and Treatment

Gum recession is the retraction or retraction of the gum around the tooth. This can cause tooth sensitivity, tooth loss and even loss of jaw bones. Gum recession is a common problem worldwide and can lead to more serious problems if not diagnosed and treated early.


There are many reasons for Gum recession. Some of these are those:

1. Periodontal Diseases

Periodontal diseases are one of the most common causes of gum recession. Gum diseases are bacterial infections that cause inflammation of the gums. These infections destroy the gum tissue and can cause the gum to recede. Besides gingival recession, periodontal diseases can also cause tooth loss.

2. Brushing Techniques

Tooth brushing techniques play an important role in gum recession. Brushing too hard or incorrectly while brushing can damage the gums and cause them to recede.,Clenching and Grinding

3. Clenching and Grinding

Teeth clenching and grinding is one of the causes of gum recession. This habit can cause damage to the teeth and gums.

4. Smoking

Smoking is another cause of gum recession. Smoking contains toxic chemicals that cause inflammation and recession in the gums.

5. Aging

With the aging process, gums can also recede. This can cause the teeth and gums to have less support and cause gum recession.

6. Oral Hygiene

Poor oral hygiene is another cause of gum recession. Regular brushing, flossing, and regular dental checkups can help prevent gum recession.

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Symptoms of Gum Recession

Some common symptoms of gum recession are:

1. Sensitivity in Teeth

Gum recession can cause sensitivity in the teeth. Pain may be felt while consuming hot, cold or sweet foods and beverages.

2. Long Appearance of Teeth

Gum recession can cause teeth to appear long. Longer appearance of the teeth is a result of the retraction of the gums.

3. Loose tooth

Gum recession can cause teeth to wobble. Receding gum tissue can cause teeth to lose support.

Treatment of Gum Recession

Treatment of gingival recession may vary depending on the cause and severity of gingival recession. Some treatment methods are:

1. Tooth Cleaning

In the earliest stages of gingival recession, dental cleaning can often be an adequate treatment. Dentists remove plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth and clean them up to the gum line.

2. Antibiotic Treatment

Antibiotic therapy may also be used, as bacterial infections are a cause of gum recession. This treatment can help treat the infection and heal the gums. Never use antibiotics without consulting your dentist.

3. Periodontal Surgery 

If gum recession has progressed and other treatments have failed, gum surgery may be needed. During this process, gingival tissue is reshaped and damaged gingival tissue is rebuilt.


Ways to Prevent Gum Recession

The following steps can be taken to prevent gum recession:

1. Regular Dental Care

Regular dental care is one of the most important ways to prevent gum recession. This includes regular brushing, flossing, and regular dental checkups.

2. Quitting Habits That Damage Gums

Smoking can damage the gums and cause gum recession. Therefore, it is important to avoid smoking and quit habits that damage other gums.

3. Regular Dentist Checkups

Regular dental check-ups are an important way to prevent gum recession. These controls are important for gum health and general oral health.


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